Belarusian author Svetlana Alexievich has won Nobel Prize 2015 in Literature for her title ‘Monument to suffering in our time’, which explores the great tragedies of the World War II, the Soviet war in Afghanistan, the Soviet Union and its collapse and the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2015 was announced by Professor Sara Danius, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy. “The Nobel Prize in Literature 2015 was awarded to Svetlana Alexievich for her polyphonic writings, ‘A monument to suffering and courage in our time’,” said the Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy in Stockholm, Sweden.
She also said that Svetlana’s work is an exploration of the second world war from a perspective that was, before that book, almost completely unknown. It tells the story of the hundreds and hundreds of women who were at the front in the Second World War. Almost one million Soviet women participated in the war, and it’s a largely unknown history, she was quoted as saying to The Guardian.
Svetlana Alexievich, a Belarusian, was born on May 31, 1948 in the Ukrainian town of Ivano-Frankivsk. In her earlier days of career, she worked as a teacher and as a journalist, and she studied journalism at the University of Minsk between 1967 and 1972. She had authored a number of notable literary – Černobyl’skaja molitva (Voices from Chernobyl –Chronicle of the Future), Cinkovye mal’čiki (Zinky Boys – Soviet voices from a forgotten war), Vremja second chènd (Second-hand Time: The Demise of the Red (Wo)man). Another early book that also belongs in this lifelong project is Poslednie svideteli (Last witnesses).
The Nobel in Literature in 2014 was awarded to Patrick Modiano for “the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation".
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